WBCS Main Exam Paper Practice Set 1

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  1. Which rulers built the Ellora temples?

(a) Chalukya

(b) Sunga

(c) Rashtrakuta

(d) Pallava

  1. The words “Satyameva Jayate” in the State Emblem of India were taken from

(a) Upanishads

(b) Sama Veda

(c) Rig Veda

(d) Ramayana

  1. The famous rock-cut temple of Kailasa is at

(a) Ajanta

(b) Badami

(c) Mahabalipuram 

(d) Ellora

  1. Epigraphy means

(a) The study of coins

(b) The study of inscriptions

(c) The study of epics

(d) The study of geography

  1. Which among the following ‘MATH’ is related with Buddhism?

(a) Dakhma 

(b) Chaitya 

(c) Khangah 

(d) Angeri

  1. Where has the world’s largest monolithic statue of‌ Buddha been installed ?

(a) Bamiyan

(b) Hyderabad

(c) Kandy

(d) Lhasa

  1. The ‘Ajivikas’ were a

(a) sect contemporary to the Buddha

(b) breakaway branch of the Buddhists

(c) sect founded by Charvaka

(d) sect founded by Shankaracharya

  1. The Rathas of Mahabalipuram was built during the reign of the

(a) Palas

(b) Cholas

(c) Rashtrakutas 

(d) Pallavas

  1. Which dynasty succeeded the Chalukyas in the Western India?

(a) Cholas

(b) Kakatiyas

(c) Pallavas

(d) Rashtrakutas

  1. Upto where did Chandragupta Maurya’s empire extend in the north-west?

(a) Ravi river

(b) Indus river

(c) Satluj river

(d) Hindukush range

  1. Harshavardhana organised his religious assembly at

(a) Mathura

(b) Prayag

(c) Varanasi

(d) Tamralipt

  1. The greatest development in the Kushana period was in the field of

(a) religion

(b) ar

(c) literature

(d) architecture

  1. Which was the only Indus city without a citadel?

(a) Kalibangan

(b) Harappa

(c) Mohenjodaro 

(d) Chanhudaro

  1. Which of the following literary works belongs to classical Sanskrit literature?

(a) Dhammapada

(b) Vedas

(c) Meghadutam 

(d) Dighanikaya

  1. “Charak’ was the famous court physician of

(a) Harslia

(b) Chandra Gupta Maurya

(C) Ashoka

(d) Kanishka

  1. Most of the chola temples were dedicated to

(a) Ganesh 

(b) Shiva 

(c) Durga 

(d) Vishnu

  1. “Buddha’ means

(a) The Enlightened one 

(b) The Religious Preacher

(c) The Genius

(d) The Powerful

  1. Whose achievements are recorded in the Allahabad Pillar inscription?

(a) Chandra Gupta Maurya

(b) Samudra Gupta

(c) Vikramaditya 

(d) Skand Gupta

  1. Name the capital of the Pallavas

(a) Kanchipuram 

(b) Vatapi

(c) Trichnapalli 

(d) Mahabalipuram

  1. The word ‘Veda’ means

(a) knowledge

(b) wisdom

(c) skill

(d) power

  1. Arabs were defeated in 738 A.D. by

(a) Pratihäras

(b) Rashtrakutas

(c) Palas

(d) Chalukyas

  1. In Mauryan dynasty Kalinga war took place in the year-

(a) 260 BC

(b) 261 BC

(c) 126 BC

(d) 232 BC

  1. Name the clan Buddha belonged to

(a) Gnathrika

(b) Maurya

(c) Sakya

(d) Kuru

  1. Who was the author of the Kadambari, a great romantic play?

(a) Banabhatta

(b) Harshavardhana

(c) Baskaravardhana 

(d) Bindusara

  1. St. Thomas is said to have come to India to propagate Christianity during the reign of the

(a) Cheras

(b) Parthians

(c) Pandyas

(d) Cholas

  1. In which state was the Nalanda University located in India?

(a) Bengal

(b) Bihar

(c) Orissa

(d) Uttar Pradesh

  1. The monk who influenced Ashoka to embrace

Buddhism was

(a) Vishnu Gupta 

(b) Upagupta

(c) Brahma Gupta 

(d) Brihadratha

  1. Harshvardhana was defeated by

(a) Prabhakaravardhana

(b) Pulakesin II

(c) Narasimhasvarma Pallava

(d) Sasanka

  1. Which of the following was NOT composed by Harshavadhana?

(a) Harshacharita

(b) Ratnavali

(c) Priyadarshika 

(d) Nagananda

  1. The ‘Kannauj assembly organised by Harsha was held in honour of

(a) Fa-Hien

(b) Itsing

(c) Hieun-Tsang 

(d) Megasthenes

  1. Satvahanas minted their coins predominantly in

(a) Lead 

(b) Silver

(c) Gold

(d) Copper

  1. The headquarters of the Ghadar Party was at

(a) Karachi

(b) Moscow

(c) Berlin

(d) San Francisco

  1. Which is the correct chronological order of following Acharyas’?

(a). Shankara – Ramanuja – Madhav – Chaitanya

(b) Chaitanya – Ramanuja – Madhav – Shankara

(c) Ramanjua – Shankara – Chaitanya – Madhav

(d) Madhav – Chaitanya – Ramanuja – Shankara

  1. Where did the traveller Ibn Batuta come from?

(a) Morocco

(b) Persia

(c) Turkey

(d) Central Asia

  1. Who built the Khajuraho temples?

(a) Holkars

(b) Scindias

(c) Bundela Rajputs 

(d) Chandela Rajputs

  1. Which of the following architectural wonders was not constructed in the 12th A.D.?

(a) Sun-temple of Konark

(b) Temple of Khajuraho

(c) Ankorvat

(d) Notre Dam, the, Paris

  1. Where was saint Kabir born?

(a) Delhi

(b) Varanasi

(c) Mathura

(d) Hyderabad

  1. The writer of Ram Charit Manas, Tulsidas, was related to which ruler?

(a) Chandragupta Maurya 

(b) Nawab Vajid Ali Sah

(c) Harsha

(d) Akbar


39, Shah Jahan built the Moti Masjid at

(a) Delhi

(b) Jaipur 

(c) Agra 

(d) Amarkot

  1. Who got constructed ‘Grand Trunk Road’?

(a) Akbar

(b) Ashoka

(c) Shershah Suri 

(d) Samudra Gupta

  1. What do you mean by Mughal Zagir?

(a) providing rent free land

(b) zamindar’s property

(c) giving officer a right to revenue

(d) giving cash salary to Mansabdar

  1. The most important Sufi shrine in India is at

(a) Pandua

(c) Ajmer

(b) Bídar

(d) Shahjahanabad

  1. Which of the following is associated with Sufi sáints?

(a) Tripitaka

(b) Dakhma

(c) Khanqah

(d) Synagogue

  1. Mughal presence in the Red Fort ceased with the fall of

(a) Aurangzeb

(b) Muhammad Shah

(c) Shah Alam

(d) Bahadur Shah ‘Zafar

  1. “Khalsa’ was founded by

(a) Guru Gobind Singh 

(b) Guru Ramdas

(c) Guru Nanak

(d) Arjun Dev

  1. Match the capitals of the ruling dynasties of early Medieval India :

          I                        II

  1. Pratiharas      1. Kannauj
  2. Chandellas.    2. Khajuraho
  3. Parmars.        3. Dhar
  4. Chalukyas -.   4. Ahilwara

(a) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

(b) A-1, B-3, C-4,’D-2

(c) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3 

(d) A-2, B-1, C-3, D-4

  1. The Mughal Emperor who discouraged ‘Sati’ was-

(a) Babur

(b) Humayun-

(c) Akbar

(d) Jehangir


48. The greatness of Sher Shah lies in his

(a) victories against Humayun

(b) superior generalship

(c) administrative reforms

(d) religious tolerance

  1. The court language of the Mughals was-

(a) Urdu

(b) Hindi

(c) Arabic

(d) Persian

  1. The Sikh Guru who’ wrote “Zafar Namah” in Per – sian was

(a) Guru Har Rai

(b) Guru Har Krishan

(c) Guru Göbind Singh 

(d) Guru Tegbahadur

  1. Guru Shikhar on the Abu Hills is the highest peak of which mountain ranges?

(a) Sahyadri

(b) Purvanchal

(c) Anamalai

(d) Aravallis

  1. Kulu Valley ‘ in India is famous for the cultivation of

(a) Grapes

(c) Apples

(b) Potatoes

(d) Strawberry

  1. An example of ‘horseshoe’ shaped coral islands in the neighbourhood of India is

(a) Andaman and Nicobar islands

(b) Maldives

(c) Lakshadweep

(d) Sri Lanka

  1. Which place is closest to Tora-Bora?

(a) Mumbai

(b) Aurangabad

(c) Amarnath (Kashmir) 

(d) Jalalabad

  1. In which of the following States in Jog Falls. located?

(a) Orissa

(b) Kerala

(c) Andhra Pradesh

(d) Karnataka

  1. The fertile land between two rivers is called

(a) Watershed

(b)Water divide

(c) Doab

(d) Terai

  1. Match List -I with List -II and select the correct answer using its codes given below the Lists.

      List – I                         List – II

(i) Pulicat Lake              (1) Orissa

(ii) Chilka Lake              (2) Rajsthan

(iii) Wular Lake.             (3) Tamil Nadu

(iv) Sambhar Lake         (4) Kashmir

Ans.   (i) – 3, (ii) – 1, (iii) – 4, (iv) – 2

  1. The Kulu Valley is situated between

(a) Ladakh and Pirpanjal

(b) Ranjoti and Nag Tibba

(c) Lesser Himalayas and Siwalik

(d) Dhauladhar and Pirpanjal

  1. Who prepares the topographical maps of India?

(a) Geological Survey of India

(b) Survey of India

(c) Defence Ministry

(d) Geographical Survey of India

  1. Which of the following is the highest peak in undisputed Indian territory?

(a) Mount Everest

(c) Nanda Devi

(b) Kanchenjunga

(d) Nanga Parbat

  1. The southernmost point of India is

(a) Kanyakumari

(b) Rameswaram

(c) Dhanushkodi

(d) Indira Point

  1. Central Highlands of Indian peninsular block are formed of

(a) Sedimentary and metamorphic rocks

(b) Igneous and sedimentary rocks

(c) Igneous and metamorphic rocks

(d) Sedimentary rocks

  1. “Saddle Peak’ the highest peak of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is located in

(a) Great Nicobar

(b) Middle Andaman

(c) Little Andaman

(d) North Andaman

  1. ‘India’s area is about..times larger than Pakistan,

(a) 3

(b) 4

(c) 6

(d) 9

  1. A narrow strip of land that connects. two larger land masses is called

(a) Strait

(b) Peninsula

(c) Cape

(d) Isthmus

  1. Tiny marine animals which constitute limestone skeletons are called

(a) Clamitomonous

(b) Foraminifera

(c) Coral reefs

(d) Diatoms

  1. The Greater Himalayas is otherwise called as

(a) Himadri

(b) Sahyadri

(c) Assam Himalayas

(d) Siwaliks

  1. The easternmost peak of the Himalayas is

(a) Namcha Barwa.

(b) Annapurna

(c) Kanchenjunga

(d) Mount Everest

  1. How many islands are there in Lakshadweep?

(a) 17

(b) 27

(c) 36

(d) 47

  1. Which ot the following statements is correct?

(a). Mahadeo hills are in the west of Maikala hills.

(b) Mahadeo hills are the part of Karnataka Plateau.

(c) Mahadeo hills are in the east of Chhotahagpur Plateau

(d) Mahadeo hills are the part of Aravalli ranges.

  1. Niyamgiri hill is located in Kalahandi district?

(a) Orissa

(b) West Bengal

(c) Punjab

(d) Kerala

  1. Which hill station’s name means ‘place of the thưnderbolt’?

(a) Gangtok

(b) Shillong

(c) Oottacamand

(d) Darjeeling

  1. To conserve coral reefs the Government of India declared one of the following as Marine Park:

(a) Andaman Islands

(b) Gulf of Kutch

(c) Lakshadweep Islands 

(d) Gulf of Mannar

  1. The headquarters of the Survey of India Department is located at:

(a) Jaipur

(b) Dehradun

(c) Hyderabad

(d) New Delhi

  1. Which of the following is formed out of volcanic eruptions in India?

(a) Deccan Plateau

(c) Western Ghats

(b) Lakshadweep Islands

(d) Himalayas

  1. The plateau that has both West and East flowing drainage system is

(a) Malwa

(b) Chota Nagpur

(c) Ranchi

(d) Hazaribagh

  1. Tropic of Cancer passes through wvhich of the following Indian states?

(a) Bihar, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram

(b) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram

(c) Gujarat, Rajasthan Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram

(d) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and West Bengal

  1. A tropical deciduous plant special to the Deccan plateau is

(a) Teak

(b) Shisam

(c) Sandalwood

(d) Sal

  1. If in the east it is Guhar Moti, in north it is Siachen Glacier, then in south it is:

(a) Kuttanad

(b) Kanyakumari

(c) Rameshwaram

(d) Indira point

  1. Which of the following rock formations resulted in Eastern Ghats?

(a) Charnockites, bauxite, granite gneiss and quartzite rock

(b) Khondalites, bauxite, granite gneiss, metamorphic gneisses and quartzite rock

(c) Charnockites, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses and quartzite rock

(d) Charnockites, granite gneiss; quartzite rock, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses

  1. The outermost range of Himalaya is called

(a) Kali

(b) Shivalik

(c) Dehradun

(d) Kumaon

  1. Continuous chain of mountains that rise abruptly more or less parallel to the coastline of India is

(a) Aravalli

(b) Satpura

(c) Eastern ghats

(d) Western ghats

  1. The Himalayas is the example of

(b) Block mountains

(a) Fold mountains

(c) Ancient mountains 

(d) Residual mountains

  1. Which of the following areas or regions is most prone to carthquakes?

(a) Deccan Plateau

(b) Ganga-Brahmaputra Valley

(c) Plains of northern India

(d) Western Ghats

  1. The range that acts as watershed between India and Turkistan is

(a) Zaskar

(b) Kailash

(c) Karakoram

(d) Ladakh

  1. The mountain range which divides the North and the South India is

(a) Himalayas

(b) Western ghats

(c) Vindhyas

(d) Satpura

  1. The largest irrigation canal in India is called the:

(a) Yamuna canal

(b) Sirhand canal

(c) Indira Gandhi canal 

(d)Upper Bari Doab canal

  1. Asia’s first underground Hydel Project is located in which of the following States in India?

(a) Jammu & Kashmir 

(b) Himachal Pradesh

(c) Arunachal Pradesh

(d) Uttar Pradesh

  1. Girna Project is situated in

(a) Andhra Pradesh

(b) Maharashtra

(c) Orissa

(d) Chhattisgarh

  1. Arrange the following rivers from South to North.

(1) Cauvery

(2) Krishna

(3) Godavari

(4) Mahanadi

(a) (1); (3), (2), (4)

(b) (3), (4), (1), (2)

(c) (2), (4), (3), (1)

(d) (1), (2), (3), (4)

  1. Match the dams and the rivers àcross which those have been constructed.

Dam                              River

(i) Gandhi Sagar    1. Bhagirathi

(ii) Jayakwadi         2. Krishna

(iii) Nagarjuna.       3. Godavari

(iv) Tehri.                4. Chambal

Ans. (i)-4, (ii) – 3, (iii) – 2, (iv) – 1,

  1. Match the dams and the rivers across which these have been constructed: 

      Dam                 River

  1. Farakka         1. Krishna
  2. Tehri              2. Ravi
  3. Thein             3. Ganga
  4. Nagarjuna     4. Bhagirathi

Ans. (a) 3, (b) 4, (c)  2, (d) 1

  1. River Damodar is called Sorrow of Bengal’ because it

(a) gets flooded often causing havoc

(b) causes maximum soil erosion

(c) forms number of dangerous waterfalls

(d) is not a perennial river

  1. On which river has the Hirakud Dam been built?

(a) Mahanadi

(b) Godavari

(c) Cauvery

(d) Periyar

  1. Match the Dams and the States in which they are situated:

      Dam                          State   

(a) Tungabhadra          (1) Kerala                       

(b) Lower Bhawani      (2) Andhra Pradesh

(c) Idukki                      (3) Tamil Nadu

(d) Nagarjuna Sagar    (4) Karnataka

Ans. (a-4) (b-3) (c-1) (d-2)

  1. Match the dams and the States in which they are situated:

     Dam                   State

  1. Hirakud           1. Chhattisgarh
  2. Mettur              2. Orissa
  3. Mahanadi        3. Karnataka
  4. Almatti             4. Tamil Nadu

Ans. (A-2) (B-4) (C-1) (D-3)

  1. Match the dams and the rivers across which those have been constructed.

      Dam                                River

  1. Ukaj                            1. Mahanadi
  2. Rana Pratap Sagar     2. Ravi
  3. Hirakud                       3. Chambal
  4. Thein                           4. Tapti

Ans. (A-4) (B-3) (C-2) (D-1)

  1. Which of the following canals is located in West Bengal ?

(a) Lower Ganga Canal 

(b) Sarada Canal

(c) Eden Canal

(d) Sirhind Canal

  1. Where is Tala Hydroelectric project, which is expected to generate 1020 MW power, located?

(a) Arunachal Pradesh 

(b) Bhutan

(c) Nepal

(d) Himachal Pradesh

  1. Which of the following pairs is wrongly matched?

(a) Koyana Project Maharashtra

(b) Sharavathy Project Karnataka

(c) Balimela Project – Orissa

(d) Sabarigiri Project – Gujarat



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